northern white-cedar Cupressaceae Thuja occidentalis
Leaf:Evergreen, scale-like, on main shoots, 1/4 inch long with long points. Lateral shoots are flattened, 1/8 inch long with short points.
Flower:Species is monoecious; solitary, females green with 4 to 6 scales; males are green tipped with brown and globose.
Fruit:A cone, 1/2 inch long, oblong, borne upright on the branches, scales are leathery, red-brown and rounded, with a small spine on the tip.
Twig:New growth is green and scale-like, turning brown, occurring in very flattened foliar sprays.
Bark:Fibrous, red-brown, weathering to gray; diamond-shaped patterns are usually apparent.
Form:A small to medium sized tree shaped like an arrowhead - a pyramid with a broad base and a small, round top, often with several main trunks.