baldcypress
Taxodium distichum

Baldcypress is a deciduous conifer common to low-lying, often swampy terrain in the U.S. southeast. The wood of baldcypress is relatively decay resistant and serves a variety of purposes. Baldcypress dominated ecosystems are typically rich in wildlife diversity.

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Light Fall Color Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Baldcypress is used for building materials, fences, boat planking, river pilings, furniture, interior trim, cabinetry, sills, rafters, siding, flooring, shingles.


Wildlife Value
      Seeds are eaten by a variety of waterfowl and wading birds. Catfish spawn in submerged, decayed logs.
          Attracts: squirrel, turkey, wood ducks, evening grosbeaks, warblers, osprey, bald eagles

Regeneration methods
      Bald cypress is intermediate in shade tolerance and this allows for regeneration by shelterwood, seed-tree, group selection, and clearcutting methods. Upland and away from saturated sites, removal of competition for first few years is advised.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
nutria (small beaver-like mammals) clipped and uprooted seedlings and saplings

Fun facts
Cypress wood is rot resistant and slow growing, mature baldcypress can live to be several thousand years old. Cypress "knees" grow upward from the roots in flooded situations. The function of these knees is unknown but may assist in supplying oxygen to submerged root systems. Baldcypress trees are enjoyed ornamentally as far north as Syracuse, New York.
Taxodium: from Taxus and Greek "eidos" (resemblence to Taxus) / distichum: in two rows (leaves) Greek "di" (two) and "stichos" (rank)
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu