bigtooth aspen
Populus grandidentata

Bigtooth aspen is fast growing, short-lived tree, common to the northeastern and north-central U.S. and southeastern Canada. Bigtooth aspen is valuable for revegetating and improving disturbed sites. It also provides pulp for wood products and habitat and food for a variety of wildlife.

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Light Fall Color Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Bigtooth aspen is used for pulp, particle board, structural panels, pallets, boxes, chop sticks, hockey stick components, ladders, and pelletized fuel.


Wildlife Value
      Moose and deer browse stems and foliage. Beavers eat bark, leaves, twigs, branches. Ruffed grouse eat leaves, flower buds, and catkins.
          Attracts: moose, deer, beaver, grouse

Regeneration methods
      Bigtooth aspen is very intolerant of shade and suckers from roots profusely. Because of these characteristics, clearcutting works best.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
hypoxylon canker yellow-orange sunken spots on stems or trunk

Fun facts
A pioneer species, bigtooth aspen produces an abundance of seeds. A single tree may produce more than 1.5 million lightweight seeds. Wind dispersal sends the cottony seeds great distances. It often exists in nearly pure stands following disturbances such as fire and heavy cutting.
Populus: Latin name / grandidentata: with large teeth
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu