eastern white pine
Pinus strobus

Eastern white pine is a valuable and versatile tree native to the eastern U.S. and the eastern provinces of Canada. Fast growth enhances eastern white pine's practicality for timber, landscaping, and reforestation purposes. Eastern white pine needles are 3 to 5 inches long, and occur in bundles of 5.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Eastern white pine is used for lumber, furniture, doors, moldings, trim, siding, paneling, cabinets, matches, extracts, and Christmas trees.


Wildlife Value
      Seeds, bark, and foliage are eaten by wildlife. Black bear mothers and cubs utilize large eastern white pines for climbing to safety.
          Attracts: birds, mice, squirrels, beaver, porcupines, rabbits, hare, deer, bear, pocket gophers

Regeneration methods
      Eastern white pine is especially suited for shelterwood regeneration. Clearcut, seed-tree, and group selections are also successfully used.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
white pine weevil shoot die back
white pine blister rust yellow spots on needles; lesions on stems

Fun facts
White pine (also called ship-mast pine) had a pivotal role in the American revolution, and provided lumber for colonial expansion westward. Eastern white pine has the distinction of being the tallest tree in eastern North America. There are pre-colonial accounts of the trees over 200 feet tall.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / strobus: incense-bearing or a gum-yielding tree (pitchy) or Greek "strobus" (cone)
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu