red pine
Pinus resinosa

Red pine is one of the most extensively planted trees in the northern U.S. and Canada. It is used for windbreaks, erosion control, and wood products. Red pine needles are 4 to 6 inches long, and occur in bundles of 2.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Red pine is used for lumber, piling, poles, cabin logs, railroad ties, posts, mine timbers, pulpwood, and fuelwood.


Wildlife Value
      Red pine provides cover, nesting sites, and food for many birds and other animals.
          Attracts: birds, deer, porcupine, snowshoe hare

Regeneration methods
      Red pine is less shade tolerant than many common associates. Clearcut, seed-tree, and shelterwood methods are recommended.

Fun facts
The wood is utilized for construction and pulpwood. Red pine has been widely planted for land reclamation. Natural stands declined following heavy harvesting and lack of seed trees in the early 1900's. Red pine is the state tree of Minnesota.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / resinosa: resinous
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu