slash pine
Pinus elliottii

Slash pine is an important commercial timber tree of the U.S. southeast Atlantic and Gulf coastal plain. In addition, rapid juvenile growth makes the species useful for soil stabilization. Slash pine needles are 7 to 10 inches long, and typically occur in bundles of 3.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Slash pine is used for construction lumber, railroad ties, poles, pilings, and chemical extracts.


Wildlife Value
      Seeds are eaten by various birds and small mammals. Slash pine's dense foliage provides shelter during periods of harsh weather.
          Attracts: birds, squirrels, deer

Regeneration methods
      Clearcuts, seed-trees, and shelterwoods are utilized for slash pine regeneration. Overstory trees should be removed promptly following seedling establishment in order to take full advantage of rapid juvenile growth.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
fusiform rust orange fruiting bodies; trunk abnormalities

Fun facts
Slash pine is a traditional source of naval stores; products such as resin and turpentine. A separate variety (var. densa) has been distinguished in south Florida. Slash pine is used for a variety of pine products.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / elliottii: after American botanist Stephen Elliott
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu