jack pine
Pinus banksiana

Jack pine is found in northern forests, primarily in Canada. It is the most northerly occuring of pine species also found in the U.S. It is small to medium in size, with approximately one inch long needles occuring in bundles of two.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Jack pine is used for lumber, round timber, and pulpwood.


Wildlife Value
      Kirtland's warbler, a rare, endangered species, uses young jack pine stands for breeding.
          Attracts: voles, various birds, deer, elk, porcupines, snowshoe hare

Regeneration methods
      Jack pine is less shade tolerant than most of its associates. Clearcuts do best to imitate natural disturbances and exploit Jack pine's pioneering nature.

Fun facts
The cones of jack pine often (especially farther north) remain closed until heated (serotinous). Following fire, the cones open and seed-in the burned, cleared area. Kirtland’s warbler and endangered bird depends on young jack pine stands for nesting areas.
Pinus: Latin name for pine from Greek "pitus" / banksiana: after botanist Joseph Banks
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu