green ash
Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Green ash is the most widely distributed of North American ashes. Found growing naturally in moist bottomlands and along stream banks, it has proven itself capable of tolerating a wider range of environments, and is planted widely.

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Light Fall Color Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Green ash's durable wood is marketed and used similarly to white ash. Green ash is used for tool handles, baseball bats, rough lumber, pulpwood, veneer, crates, boxes, etc.


Wildlife Value
      Green ash woodlands are especially important for wildlife communities in the northern Great Plains. Seeds are eaten by a variety of species. Deer browse green ash twigs and foliage.
          Attracts: birds, rabbits, deer, squirrels, sharptail grouse

Regeneration methods
      Green ash is intermediate in shade tolerance and can be regenerated by clearcut, group selection, shelterwood, and seed-tree methods. Green ash regenerates from stump sprouts, too.

Fun facts
The wood is used for a variety of products. Green ash is popularly used as a shade tree in urban areas because of its pleasing form, good tolerance to an array of conditions, and its lack of serious insect and disease problems. However, the insect emerald ash borer is becoming a serious concern and many people are no longer recommending ash for planting. It is a common shelterbelt tree in the Great Plains states.
Fraxinus: the Latin name / pennsylvanica: of Pennsylvania
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu