white ash
Fraxinus americana

White ash is a useful hardwood of eastern U.S. forests. The dense, durable wood is used for various products and the winged seeds provide food for wildlife.

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Light Fall Color Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      The durable wood is used to make tool handles, oars, canoe paddles, baseball bats, furniture, antique vehicle parts, snowshoes, cabinets, railroad cars and ties, etc.


Wildlife Value
      Seeds of white ash are eaten by several species of birds. The bark is occasionally food for rabbits, beaver, and porcupine. Cavity excavating and nesting birds often use white ash.
          Attracts: wood duck, bobwhite, purple finch, pine grosbeak, fox squirrel, rabbit, beaver, mice porcupine

Regeneration methods
      Group selection, seed-tree, clearcut, and shelterwood methods are all conducive to white ash regeneration. White ash responds very well to increased light levels.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
ash decline (ash yellows) loss of vigor, premature leaf senescence

Fun facts
White ash is also known a "poor man's oak". It is valued for its wood, which is strong, straight-grained, and fairly light-weight. Baseball bats are made from ash. Juice made from the leaves gives topical relief to mosquito bite swelling and itching. The insect emerald ash borer is becoming a serious concern throughout much of the white ash range.
Fraxinus: the Latin name / americana: of America
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu