pignut hickory
Carya glabra

Pignut hickory is a relatively common species in eastern oak-hickory forests and provides a variety of wildlife with an important portion of their diet.

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Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Pignut hickory is commonly used for furniture, tool handles, sporting goods, agricultural implements, shuttle blocks, mallets, mauls, and fuelwood.


Wildlife Value
      The nuts, leaves, flowers, and bark of this species are eaten by various species of wildlife. Nuts represent approximately 10-25% of squirrel diets.
          Attracts: squirrels, chipmunks, foxes, rabbits, raccoons, turkeys, songbirds, deer, bear

Regeneration methods
      Intermediate in shade tolerance, especially towards the southern parts of its range, pignut hickory can be regenerated by group selection, shelterwood, and clearcut methods. Stumpsprouting is very important for regeneration. Slow growth of seedlings may warrant release from competition with other species.

Fun facts
Pignut hickory is harvested for lumber and the nuts are a staple for wildlife. It is very similar to and is usually not separated from red hickory (Carya ovalis). The kernel of this hickory nut is very high in crude fat content at 70-80%, but often very bitter.
Carya: Greek "karya or kaura" (walnut -Juglans regia) / glabra: glabrous (lacking hair)
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

questions, comments, and criticisms: email John.Peterson@vt.edu