grand fir
Abies grandis

Grand fir is a fast growing, large conifer of the Pacific Northwest. Grand fir occurs on a variety of sites and provides food, nesting, and cover for many species of wildlife.

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Light Water
Growth   Size

Timber Value

      Grand fir is commonly used for pulpwood and Christmas trees.


Wildlife Value
      Ruffed and sharp-tailed grouse eat grand fir needles. Birds and rodents eat the seeds. Many species nest in snags and fallen logs.
          Attracts: squirrels, spotted skunks, martens, fishers, woodpeckers, owls, chickadees, bear, etc.

Regeneration methods
      Due to grand fir's moderate shade tolerance and good competitive ability under sheltered conditions, shelterwoods are the preferred method of regeneration. Grand fir also competes moderately well in seed tree and clearcut situations.

Important Problems Early Detection tips
balsam woolly adelgid poor vigor and sparse vegetation

Fun facts
Seldom occurs in pure stands, but more often mixed with mid- and lower-elevation western conifers and hardwoods. Commonly a host for Indian paint fungus. Lumber used for general construction. Called "grand" by David Douglas because of its large size. On Mt. Hood, Oregon, early settlers tied ropes around grand firs to slow down and control their descent. Rope burned trees from this era are still standing. Grand fir's sweet pitch was once chewed by Native Americans.
Abies: ancient name - rising or tall tree, name for the European fir / grandis: large
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2004 Virginia Tech Forestry Department, all rights reserved. Text, images, and programming by: Dr. Jeff Kirwan, Dr. John R. Seiler, John A. Peterson, Edward C. Jensen, Guy Phillips, or Andrew S. Meeks.

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