| Leaf: Alternate, evergreen, simple, elliptical, 1/2 to 1 1/2 inches long, spine-tipped lobes (holly- like), leathery and stiff, dull gray-green (may have some whitish bloom) and smooth or finely fuzzy beneath.
Flower: Species is monoecious; males in drooping 1 inch long catkins, yellow-green; females very small spikes in leaf axils, appearing with the leaves.
Fruit: Narrowly oblong acorn, 1/2 to 1 inch long; shallow, warty cap covers 1/4 to 1/3 of nut; ripens in 1 season in early fall or even late summer.
Twig: Slender, reddish brown with some fine tan fuzz when young; buds clustered, globose.
Bark: Light gray and finely scaly.
Form: A large clump forming dense shrub up to 15 feet, occasionally a small tree.
Looks like: scrub oak
- gray oak
- canyon live oak
- scrub oak