prairie sumac Anacardiaceae Rhus
lanceolata (A. Gray) Britton symbol: RHLA3
Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, up to 12 inches long, 7 to 15 leaflets per leaf; leaflets are narrowly lance-shaped and somewhat hooked, with entire margins, rachis has prominent wings between the leaflets, shiny, dark green above, paler and a bit fuzzy below.
Flower: Species is monoecious; greenish-yellow and small, borne on 3 to 5 inch wide, terminal pyramid-shaped panicles in mid to late summer.
Fruit: A dark red, round drupe borne on terminal cluster, 1/8 inch long, covered with short, sticky, red hairs. Matures in fall but present through winter.
Twig: Medium textured, speckled with lenticels, and covered with fine, velvety, reddish brown hair; buds are small, rounded and hairy, leaf scars horseshoe-shaped.
Bark: Light brown or gray, smooth with numerous lenticels when young, later with large, thin scales.
Form: A small tree or large shrub up to 25 feet with a short trunk and spreading branches. *photos courtesy Oana Popescu and Carol Loopstra, Texas A&M
Looks like: shining sumac - smooth sumac - poison sumac - Brazilian peppertree
Additional Range Information: Rhus lanceolata is native to North America. Range may be expanded by planting. See states reporting prairie sumac.
External Links: USDA Plants Database - Horticulture Information
All material © 2017 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson