Virginia Tech Dendrology

tungoil tree Euphorbiaceae Vernicia fordii (Hemsl.) Airy-Shaw Listen to the Latin symbol: VEFO
Leaf: Alternate, simple, 6 to 10 inches long and wide, heart-shaped or with 3 shallow, maple-like lobes, long petiole, green above and below, red conspicuous glands at the base of the leaf.
Flower: Species is monoecious; showy, 5 white petals with streaks of red or purple in the throat, several inches across when open, appear before or with the leaves in loose, terminal clusters.
Fruit: Hard, woody, pear-shaped drupe, 1 1/2 to 3 inches across, containing usually 4 to 5 large, oily seeds, initially green but ripening to a purple-brown in late summer to early fall.
Twig: Dark gray-brown, numerous reddish lenticels, circular leaf scars.
Bark: Smooth and thin, brownish gray developing very shallow, reddish brown furrows.
Form: A small tree up to 30 feet tall with a spreading round crown.
Looks like: northern catalpa - southern catalpa - dragon tree - royal paulownia
leaf flower fruit twig bark form1 map
Additional Range Information: Vernicia fordii is planted in the USDA hardiness zones shown above and may seed into the landscape. See states reporting tungoil tree.
External Links: USDA Plants Database
All material © 2017 Virginia Tech Dept. of Forest Resources and Environmental Conservation; Photos and text by: John Seiler, Edward Jensen, Alex Niemiera, and John Peterson